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Presenters & Abstracts: College of Professional Studies
Development and Validation of the Academic Procrastination Scale
- Alexandria JauriquePsychologyGraduate Student
- Jacob StadtfeldPsychology
Academic procrastination is the intentional delay of starting or continuing progress on school-related work. Academic procrastination often leads to negative outcomes such as submitting late assignments, cramming for exams, and test anxiety. To assess this we created a 21-item Academic Procrastination Scale (APS). The APS showed appropriate criterion (r = .69, p < .000), convergent (r = .49, p < .000), and discriminant (r = .29, p = .001) validity. The APS also showed good internal consistency with an alpha of .88 and a test-retest reliability of r = .75, p = .000. Validity and reliability analyses show that the APS is a valid and reliable measure of academic procrastination.
Development and Validation of the Humboldt Idealism Questionnaire
- Kashia AxthelmPsychologyUndergraduate Student
- Desiree RyanPsychologyGraduate Student
- Angela Galioto-MarquezPsychologyUndergraduate Student
- Laura KiewelPsychologyUndergraduate Student
Idealism is defined as believing that desirable consequences can, with the “right” action, always be obtained. This involves decreasing the amount of negative outcomes and increasing the amount of positive outcomes. Due to the lack of a reliable and valid existing measure of idealism, our goal was to create a psychometrically sound scale. Morality and justice are two important domains that were addressed during item creation. The HIQ was compared to the Global Belief in a Just World Scale in order to establish criterion validity; the short form of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale was used for discriminant validity.
Development of Wilderness Therapy Programs Over Time
- Kacie HallahanKRAUndergraduate Student
This project aims to illustrate the growth, development, and fundamental transformation of Wilderness Therapy programs over time. This research includes highlighting the health benefits of nature experiences, dissecting the historical background of Wilderness Therapy programs, and the shift towards Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare.
Deviant Leaders: Examining the Effect of Group Consensus on Individuals' Attitudes Towards a Leader's Position
- Molly Crane ConsoPsychologyGraduate Student
- Jeffrey BeaulieuPsychologyGraduate Student
- Helena LittmanPsychologyGraduate Student
- Charles MoorePsychologyUndergraduate Student
- Nayshia StreatorPsychologyUndergraduate Student
- Bryan SherburneGraduate Student
The current study investigates how high or low consensus around a leader who holds a deviant or normative position influences individual attitudes, all contingent on the perceived group’s attitude towards said position. We hypothesized that exposure to a leader with a deviant position who was elected by a landslide (high consensus) vs. marginally (low consensus) will convert individual attitudes to align with the perceived group attitude, which is supportive of the deviant position.
Diversity Among University Students in the U.S.: An Analysis of Student Ethnic Group Preferences and its Impact on Campus Diversity
Joseph Pang, Psychology Graduate Student
The current study explores students' ethnic identity, ethnocentrism, and friendship diversity and how they these variables relate to with whom students interact. The study uses research from intergroup relations, friendship diversity, and ethnic identification. Specifically, the study will examine how ethnic identification, ethnocentrism, and student cultural group involvement relate to intergroup anxiety which, in turn, relates to intergroup bias. Through this work, we seek to understand how intergroup relations stands amongst People of Color (POC) in the United States.
Does cleft palate repair surgery restore normal neural processing for infant faces?
Rachael Kee, Psychology Graduate Student
The current study used electroencephalography (EEG) to investigate adults’ processing of infant faces with cleft lip/palate before and after surgical repair. We found enhanced N170 responses for faces pre-repair surgery compared to post-repair surgery, suggesting that cleft lip/palate repair surgery may restore a more “normal” N170 response. Additionally, the P200 was smaller for the pre-repair surgery faces compared to post-repair surgery, which likely reflects the P200 responding to “typicality” for face stimuli as the post-repair surgery faces would appear more face-typical.
Does Having Siblings Affect Caretaking Responses to Infants?
Joshua Worthington, Psychology Graduate Student
- NathanBoonePsychologyGraduate Student
Because siblings often fulfill a caregiver role in the home, this study investigated whether having siblings, and younger siblings in particular, impacts the reward value of and perceptual sensitivity to the ‘baby schema’. Participants completed a cuteness sensitivity rating task and an effort-based keypress task to measure the reward value of cuteness. They also reported whether they had siblings, and if so older vs younger siblings. Contrary to our hypotheses, having siblings did not influence the reward value of or perceptual sensitivity to ‘babyschema’.
Does Having Siblings Affect The Recognition of Children’s Emotional Displays?
Nathan Boone, Psychology Graduate Student
- AndrewGreelyPsychologyGraduate Student
The present study investigated the relationship between sibling caretaking experience and the ability to recognize emotions in children’s faces. Accuracy for recognizing emotional displays in children's faces was compared among individuals with younger siblings, older siblings, and no siblings. We did not find any evidence that having siblings impacts sensitivity to emotional displays in children's faces. We did, however, find evidence that some emotions are more easily assessed than others regardless of sibling status.
Does lexicality or phonemic predictability affect cross-modal identification of monosyllabic items?
- Kauyumari SanchezPsychologyFaculty
- Joseph CamarenaPsychologyUndergraduate Student
Speech is both auditory and visual. Both modalities can carry the same underlying (articulatory) information. This relationship serves cross-modal matching abilities in a variety of conditions, but to what extent is cross-modal matching ability mediated by abstract, cognitive processes, representations, and linguistic experience (e.g. lexicality or phonemic predictability)?
Does the Thatcher Effect Extend to Infant Faces?
Adnan Alyna, Psychology Undergraduate Student
- NathanBoonePsychologyGraduate Student
You will spend more time looking at faces than any other type of object in your lifetime. Because faces are such an important social signal, humans have developed a perceptual expertise for faces. Decades of research on the mechanisms of face processing have demonstrated we more heavily on configural processing strategies when viewing faces due to this expertise. However, this work has been done using almost exclusively adult facial stimuli. The current study uses a well-established configural disruption known as the Thatcher Effect to investigate the use of configural processing for infant faces. We find evidence that infant face processing may be less reliant on configural information.